Saturday, May 18, 2019

Clear the North Side of the Drift Lads!

This is our latest installment of The Men Who Be Kings (TMWWBK).

The truth is I am always tinkering with the rules-not enough to upset the fine system and mechanics of the rule set, but just enough to make certain aspects a bit more interesting. I never consider the tweaks failures but rather experiments. Some experiments fail while others succeed. Each experiment is a learning experience.

In this case the experiment was adapting a scenario from Neil Thomas's book One-Hour-Wargames. In his book Mr. Thomas covers a wide range of periods with rules for each period. At the end of the book he includes 30 scenarios that can be adapted to any of the periods in the book.

His inspiration comes mostly from Charles Grant and the similar book he wrote many, many years ago. I think it's a wonderful concept especially for those with limited time and space. The scenarios are designed to be played out on a 3 by 3 and no side has more than 6 units-perfect for One-Hour-Wargame.

My table is a 4' by 4' and I do colonial games with TMWWBK for the Sudan and Zulu Wars (so far). Mr. Thomas does not cover the colonial wars in his book presumably because of the technological gap between the protaganists or maybe it just wan't on his radar.

In any event, I decided to adapt one scenario to the colonial period for my 4' by 4' and play it out using  TMWWBK. I reasoned that the game could be a bit larger given the larger table size and if it took longer than an hour to play out I didn't mind. Games with TMWWBK tend to be short and to the point (no pun intended) in the first place.

I did a lot of pre-game dice throwing to determine the force composition of each side as well as the quality of the units. While Mr. Thomas's games are balanced in the sense of the number of units they do vary in terms of quantity and to some extent quality. This creates the situation whereby the game player gets his units in a somewhat random fashion and has to make the best of what he has been assigned. There is much to be said about that!

The British force consisted of 6 units.

2 companies of the 24th Foot
2 companies of the 13th Light Infantry
1 large company of the NNC
1 Royal Artillery 7pdr

The Zulu forces consisted of 9 units and 3 small sub units of fire-armed warriors. The Zulus were divided into three separate forces that had various arrival times. Each force consisted of 3 assegai 16 figure units. The sub-units were diced for and assigned to the larger units in a random way.

The three Zulu unmarried ibutho's were:

iNkobamakosi (The Bender of Kings)
uMbonambi (The Evil Seers)
umHlanga (The Reeds)

The game started with one British unit (of the commander's choice) across the drift. The remaining five units would arrive behind the first unit at the rate of one per turn. The commander had the ability to determine how the rest of the column would arrive.

The river was about 12" from the end of the board while the remaining 36" was the area to be cleared of Zulu's. The Zulu arrival was a bit more random. They had one ibutho arrive on turn one, another on turn 3 and the last one on turn 5.

As stated before the quality of each unit could vary considerably so it took some thought how to best use the units as they arrived.

The terrain set up for my 4 by 4. You're looking north. Where the two wagons are that's where the British force enters. The carpet squares are mealie fields and provide soft cover. The Zulus could enter from 3 of 5 points south of the river. One ibutho would arrive on turn one west alongside the river and close with the lead British unit rather rapidly.

I marked the drift with terrain pieces. It was meant to be a shallow drift. The river could be crossed elsewhere but at a movement penalty.

The British commander and staff surveys the drift. His orders are to clear all Zulus from the south side of the river. He was heard to remark that it should be no problem.

Natal type wagon by Hat. It's a great little model but the soft plastic is hard to work with played in the game.

The Zulu commander wants to know why the British have come to the land of the Zulu. The British commander responds by saying "tough luck old boy, we are here and there is nothing you can do about it." The Zulu commander shrugs and walks away muttering something like, "we will see you arrogant swine."

The first Zulu ibutho to arrive alongside the river. There is only one British unit across at this point. Odds, not good for the Redcoats!

This was to be the second unit across the drift but they had to deploy early to assist the single unit already across. Figures by Hat except for the officer which is Newline Miniatures.

The British unit already across (from the 13th LI) would destroy one unit but lose 1\2 of its strength. The second Zulu unit would polish them off. Good dice throwing helped on the part of the Zulu commander. Fog of war baby!

The 24th Foot arrives and makes a move to cross the drift. The figures are also ESCI now Italeri.

Close up of one of the 13th LI. 

Royal Artillery 7pdr. The crew is Hat but I do not know who made the gun. Great model!

Another ibutho arrives. The figures are Hat and were painted prior to Hat releasing their married set.

This unit of Zulus would be shot to pieces after destroying the remnant of A Company, 13th LI. B Company, 13th LI would have revenge!

Stuck within short range! Not good!

A Company, 24th Foot, will cross the drift being tru to there orders as long as possible. Note the hand painted Queen's Color painted by my friend Jim. (ESCI figs)

The two remaining ibuthos arrive and mass to keep the British on the north side side of the drift. The sheer size of the force is a bit unnerving for the British commander who has already lost 1\4 of his Imperial infantry.

At this point the British still have hopes to cross the drift and sweep the Zulus from the field. The Royal Artillery section did well despite having a poor leader and having to dice to fire. They always did to good effect.

Yes, very intimidating! 

The three remaining companies of Imperial infantry still believe they can cross and win! 

But the odds are long and Zulus can move quickly.

A Company, 24th Foot crosses and defeats the first Zulu unit to come within range. Three cheers!

A plucky British officer use his revolver to stem the Zulu tide.

One the Zulu leaders anxious to close with his unit and wash their spears in British blood.

A Company, 24th Foot has perished. B Company 24th Foot is determined to hold the north side of the drift. However, the NNC is to their flank. Let's hope they hold.

B Company, 13th LI holds the other section of the drift supported by the RA on their right and the NNC unit on their left. Can they hold? The Zulus have to stop at the drift for a turn and it's close range!

The British commander was heard to remark, "how about a little canister in the face."

Lots of Zulus going after the RA and B Company.

The RA is over run and B Company is pushed back. The NNC will attempt to stem the tide but are no match for the imbutho. The British commander concedes and Zululand is safe "for now."

The game was a jolly good time with neither of us all that concerned with the victory conditions. Had the British just held the drift line I would have awarded a tactical victory of sort since it's quite plaisbe that the  Zulus would exceed their orders to merely hold the north side of the river. After all, Rorke's Drift was exactly like that!

Little Sugar Creek, Arkansas, 1862

I resurrected an old set of ACW rules called Rally Round the Flag. It's the set my friends and I used way back in the 1970s and 80s. Although we've tried Black Powder we found it a little complicated in the sense we don't have that many opportunities to play the period. With that in mind I got an old copy of Rally Round the Flag and modified a few things to bring it a bit more up to date with other systems.

The scale is Brigade\Regiment and a player can reasonably control 2-3 brigades. This is the third test game I've ran using my modifications to the original rule system.

The key modification to the IGOUGO movement system is Command Points (CP). I actually got the idea from a later edition of Rally Round the Flag. That edition really did not have much in common with the earlier one but the command point idea was very useful.

It works by assigning "x" number of CP's to a brigade. The base number allows 1 CP per unit in the brigade. This is adjusted by a random die roll per turn and can be further modified by the division or brigade commander's rating (which can be historical if you do a little research). Points are spent by moving, maneuvering, move and firing, rallying, etc. A brigade can end up with as few as 1-2 points in a turn or as many as 7-8 for an average size brigade. The more points you have the more actions you can perform in a turn. I think it represents the fog of war in an ACW battle quite well and it requires the player to usually have to make priority decisions.

The scenario was an adaptation from the Potomac Wargamers people. It was modified a bit to fit my system. One of the strengths of getting their scenarios is the detailed Order of Battle that includes the type of musket, carbine and artillery that the soldiers actually had in a particular battle. All of their scenarios are available via the Wargames Vault.

In the Little Suger Creek scenario the Union forces are pursuing a Confederate rearguard. They finally have caught up and the Confederates have formed a line of battle. In terms of numbers it's about even but numbers do not tell the full story.

For example, the Union has a small cavalry brigade of three small regiments and gun section. All three of the cavalry units were green-a fact that would limit their effectiveness versus one average large Confederate cavalry unit and 2 large MO Confederate infantry regiments.

The Union did have artillery superiority with 5 gun sections to the Confederate 2 sections. All the guns were either 6lb smoothbores or 12lb howitzers.

The Union had four infantry regiments with two being green and two being average. Some of the regiments were of only 4-5 stands and this was because a lot of straggling had occurred in the pursuit.

The Confederates had five infantry regiments with one being crack and the the rest average. Morale in RRTF is critical and the key category of morale the Confederate infantry clearly had the advantage.

When it came to small arms the Union had two regiments of smoothbore muskets and the Confederate's had four. The Union therefore a slight advantage with two rifled musket units to the Confederate's one.

When I assessed the game and victory conditions I though the Union had a sight advantage given how many gun sections they had.

Note in the pictures below that the terrain is being worked on. The Geo-Hex hills are 40 years old and need to be spray painted. We need better roads so that we don't have to camouflage them with large clumps of lichen! The other thing that needs to be worked on are some of the stands. I need to rebase some for my RRTF system.

My son and I played out the scenario last week. He played the Union and me the Confederates. I'll try to give an account of the action with the pictures.

The Confederate brigade on the right consists of two Arkansas regiments and a crack Louisiana infantry regiment. On the left is a mixed Missouri brigade of of cavalry, 2 infantry and two gun sections.The Missouri brigade's General Little was above average.

Good picture of the initial positions of the MO Brigade.

The Union right flank to start. They are Indiana and Ohio troops. Most are green.

Union left flank. The Union player centered 4 of the 5 gun sections and yes it was intimidating.

The MO brigade attacked through the light cover on the ridge. The Confederate player thought it was his best chance to avoid the heavy concentration of Union guns. As it turned out the MO brigade rolled and got a impetus charge move and thus made it much easier to get some momentum with the whole brigade.

Confederate right flank. The CSA dice throwing on this flank was terrible and only the LA regiment contributed anything to the fight. It's the one with the SC flag. As it was the unit took a lot of casualties from the Union artillery but held it's ground throughout.

Good picture of the Union "grand battery" and the two good sized Union infantry units moving up. The blue die tells us how to modify the point system for the turn. The Union player had a hard time on this flank despite having a good commander. It was interesting because both flanks that faced each other could not do very much in a turn. My son remarked the brigade commanders must have been drunk throughout-a good possibility in the ACW!

The Union cavalry dismounted. The brigade commander is central to his three small units. Again, the die tells us how to modify how many points the brigade can spend this turn.

The Confederate cavalry along with the rest od the MO Brigade went impetuous. In one sense I didn't mind but I did want to dismount my cavalry. They would have none of it and launched a saber charge instead!

The Union player admitted making a mistake by leading with his small green Ohio unit that was armed with smoothbores.

This large average  Missouri regiment would melee the small green Ohio unit an eventually destroy it.

It's hard to win a melee when you are out numbered 2-1 and have a morale disadvantage to start with.

The CSA cavalry would succeed in taking out one unit of dismounted Union troopers but would be destroyed itself  by near by Union units. The CSA cavalry is from rare set called Gulliver. The company made one set of figures and disappeared.

The lichen was just for looks. Four gun sections lined up dampened CSA enthusiasm on the CSA right.

A small Arkansas unit. The figures are from a board game. I thought they made a good early war CSA unit of perhaps a militia unit. 

The MO Brigade would win the day for the CSA. The units have been painted with historical brigades in mind and then real names are adapted for the scenario-hence the SC flag with MO Confederates for this game. 

The Union infantry on the CSA right finally moved up to the ridge edge and helped pummel the crack LA regiment. It was too little too late however. Most of the infantry figures on both sides were Italeri,

Monday, April 29, 2019

Butler's Rangers and Brant's Mohawks

I specifically painted up a unit of Butler's Rangers and 4 units of Iroquois in preparation for Rebels and Patriots. As a result of the early preparation I was just about ready for a test game when the rules arrived. I reported on my first test game  here: Rebels and Patriots First Gamel

One of the things I enjoy about miniature wargames is the research involved in doing a period. For me, the history matters and so do the details surrounding the armies and units involved. It's especially fun to research a unique unit and paint them up for a uniform geek like me.

The scale we primarily work in is 1\72. In millimeters that translates roughly into 20-25mm depending on how you measure and the manufacturer of the models.

I searched far and wide for specific models of Butler's Rangers finding what I needed at bandbminiatures in the UK.

My Iroquois Confederacy collection is built around the excellent Italeri figures that are available as well as a dozen in metal (20mm) from Newline in the UK. In this post I've chosen to feature the Newline Miniatures from my Iroquois collection.

Butler's Rangers was a unit of Tory Loyalists raised primarily in New York. It's been said that as many as 1\3 of population supported King George  in the American War for Independence. Approximately, another third were Rebels or Patriots depending on your point of view. Still another 1\3 appear to be pragmatic about the whole thing, ether wanting to be left alone or being content with whomever emerged as the victor. Whatever the case, the war had much in common with a Civil War and the conflict as a whole is often thought of as such.

The Crown had good relationships with the Iroquois that dated back to the French and Indian War when various bands of Mohawks and others supported the British against the far more numerous tribes that supported the French.

This was largely due to the influence of William Johnson. Johnson is a fascinating character in his own right. He not only managed to get along with the Iroquois (especially the Mohawks) and establish a bit of fiefdom in upstate Nw York but also managed to father over 100 children by some accounts. Even if the number is exaggerated it is true a number of Mohawk women gave birth to Johnson's children.

Molly Brant was one of Johnson's wives and probably a favorite. Her younger brother Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea) would emerge as the most significant native leader during in War for Independence. Brant and his Mohawks would prove to be loyal allies of Butler's Rangers for the entire war.

John Butler was an associate of William Johnson. Their relationship dated back to the French and Indian War. Later Butler worked under Johnson who was Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Butler, like Johnson was on excellent terms with the Iroquois and served as a defecto war leader of them prior to him raising his own regiment of Loyalists.

This all came about during Burgoyne's disastrous Saratoga Campaign.

Butler and his Mohawks and a few of Johnson's Royal Greens (another Loyalist outfit) were part of Barry St. Leger's command. St Leger's command was to take Fort Stanwix. This is ultimately failed to do but in the short term settled in for a siege.

During the siege it became known that a large force of Patriot militia was marching to the relief of the fort. Brant and his Mohawks plus the Royal Greens, some of Butler's Loyalists and even a few German Jaegers ambushed the militia at the Battle of Oriskany. 

The initial attack was a remarkable success but many of the militia rallied under the leadership of Nicholas Herkimer (who later died of his wounds). The militia who rallied were largely surrounded and fought off the ambushers until a thunderstorm broke off the combat. The Iroquois who made up most of the British force took huge casualties agains the trapped militia. This would have consequences for events later in the campaign.

Because of his service Butler received permission to raise his own regiment and Butler's Rangers were born.

It was a matter of great concern that Britain decided to use Native Americans against the revolting colonists. There was an outcry even in Parliament itself with many realizing that no matter what it would be hard to control Native American's whose style of warfare and captive taking was contrary to what Europeans thought proper. The Continental Congress protested as well but in the end it served the Patriots\Rebels by providing great propaganda.

After Saratoga there would not be another major campaign coming from Canada to subdue the colonies. Instead, units like the Royal Greens, Butler's Rangers and their Mohawk\Iroquis allies would send raiders and terrorize wherever they could; thus tying down militia that could be useful elsewhere.

It was during this time that Butler's Rangers received the nick name "Butler's Baby Killers." The name came in the aftermath of the Cherry Valley Massacre an expedition led by Walter Butler. Butler and Joseph Brant were powerless to stop the rampaging Seneca's from killing women and children. The massacre prompted George  Washington to send Continental Regiments to suppress and drive out the Iroquois which they succeeded in doing by 1779.

The campaign to drive out the Iroquois did little to mitigate the savagery of frontier warfare in which both sides played a part. After the war the rangers were located to Ontario where their descenandats live to this day. A unit of Canadian Army can trace it's lineage to Butler's Rangers.

I wanted to take a few posed pictures of Butler's Rangers and their Mohawk allies. Below you will see some of the best pictures that I took with my iPhone.

A great uniform print of Butler's Rangers. Here some rangers and Mohawks loot some unfortunate 's cabin.

Bandbminiatures excellent Butler's Rangers. They are all clad in dark green hunting shirts and leather leggings. 

A small farm complex and possible target and the rangers and Mohawks.

The rangers would probably not have carried a flag given their role as light infantry.

Ranger officer and ranger.

Rangers and Mohawks advance past the small farm.

My Italeri Jospeh Brant figure and some Newline Mohawks.

2 units for Rebels and Patriots plus a couple of extras.

Intimidating Mohawks!

Life on the frontier had to be a combination of fear and courage to face these formidable warriors who in their element were a force to be reckoned with.

Nice close up of a ranger officer urging his men onward.